On the Eurasian continent among forest berry plants most widely known of the family cowberry, and especially cranberries, blueberries and cranberries. As for the blueberries, the attitude of the two-fold: on the north and in Siberia it is highly revered plant, widely used for food and medicinal purposes.

     In Central Europe, blueberries did not find sufficient recognition. Here, it is often called hemlock, pyanikoy, durnikoy etc., attributing blueberries properties cause some people dizziness and headaches. It later emerged that no harmful substances in berries blueberries there, and the reason for their notoriety is growing in the vicinity of Labrador tea, in the aerial parts of which contain volatile essential oils possessing stupefying smell and cause headaches. The composition of these oils includes alcohols, a gasoline series: ledol, which is a powerful poison that affects the nervous system, as well as palustrol, hydrocarbon miritsen, etc. Standing out in the environment, these agents were working on collecting berries, causing dizziness, headache, etc. the symptoms.

    However,swamp blueberryis not the only member of the genus blueberries in the world. Recently, a very large popular North American blueberry tall, distinguished by a very large berries and great taste. It grows in damp meadows and marshy forests of Canada and western United States, and for almost 100 years grown as a cultivated plant.

    U.S. growers experience has shown that the blueberry has a broad ecological amplitude and plasticity in relation to climatic parameters, without prejudice to tolerate sudden temperature changes and adapts easily to different climatic conditions. It is grown in Washington state, Michigan, North Carolina, New Jersey and others. There were large-fruited varieties that can produce up to 10 kg of berries from the bush. To date, there are over a hundred varieties of this plant. In 1995, there were 23 705 ha of plantations, blueberry, and in 2008 - 65 226 hectares. Harvest collected from them was 93 650 and 273 073 tons, respectively. Of which 60% is realized in the fresh, the rest of berry is processed.

    After cultivated blueberry entered in Europe. But blueberry garden a little more than hardy than the peach. In the absence of snow cover and temperatures drop to -25 ° - 28 ° C, it is often frosted stems and flower buds are damaged. Therefore, the Europeans will appreciate the taste and healing qualities of blueberry, continue to work to increase its hardiness.

    Over thirty years ago, the garden began to grow blueberries in the former Soviet Union, gradually pushing it farther to the north of the country. Currently, the first commercial planting of this plant is set up in Belarus, Vitebsk region, as well as in northern regions of Ukraine. 



© 2010
  Создание сайтов Полюс Альфа