Chemical berries composition
    Blueberry berriescontain up to 8% sugars, organic acids and 2.7% pectin and 0.6% to 1% of protein, fiber, and 1.6%, vitamins C and 63 mg%, B1 to 0.02 mg% and PP to 550mg%, carotene and 0.25 mg%. Sugar and acid with pectin and tannins are responsible for the taste of berries. In addition, they stimulate appetite, increase the secretion of gastric juice and pancreatic juice, stimulate peristalsis of intestine. The content of the berries blueberry pectin allows their use for treating gastric diseases and as a prophylactic agent in a number of hazardous industries associated with the possibility of transmission to humans of radioactive elements and heavy metals.

     Blueberries fruits are rich in such valuable physiologically active substances as phenolic compounds. Flavonols (bioflavonoids), substance P and vitamin action and reduce the permeability of blood capillaries increase strength, promote the absorption of vitamin C, are involved in redox processes, regulate the work of some of the endocrine glands (especially thyroid). They operate more efficiently while taking vitamin C. Some of these substances characterized by their ability to relax blood vessels spasm have anti-atherosclerotic and anti-inflammatory action. Recently it was shown that individual members of this group tend to antitumor activity. Bioflavonoids protect the body from damage by ionizing radiation. The use of substances and vitamin P action is effective in atherosclerosis, hypertension, purpura rheumatica, rheumatism, flu and other diseases associated with lack of blood capillaries. 100 g of fresh berries, blueberries contain anthocyanins and 3500 mg and leucoanthocyanins, about 270 mg of catechins and 200 mg of flavonols.

     Blueberry fruits are of value and as sources of triterpenic compounds with different physiological properties. Phenolic acids (chlorogenic, caffeic, etc.).

    Exhibit choleretic, diuretic, capillary roborant and partly anti-inflammatory effect. On average, 100 g of fresh berries contain 150-300 mg of chlorogenic acid and 300-340 mg of triterpene acids. In addition, the berries of blueberry found a considerable amount fillohinona (vitamin K1) - 0,26-0,32 mg per 100 g of fresh berries. It is established that the deficit in the animal organism fillohinona effect on oxidative phosphorylation, and this entails a violation of the synthesis of some proteins, particularly the digestive tract. Fillohinon also performs another important biological role in the body - is involved in the conversion of prothrombin to preprotrombina, caused a modification of the glutamic acid residues in clotting factors.

    It is established that the berries blueberries as a valuable source of important anti- atherosclerotic and lipotropic - betaine rendering in particular fresh fruit antiulcer action.V blueberries its content ranges from 210 to 510 mg per 100 g of berries. Of macro-contained (mg%) of sodium to 6 K to 51, calcium 16, magnesium, 7, 8 of phosphorus, trace elements are contained in: iron to 17 mg%, and small amounts of cobalt, iodine, copper, vanadium etc. The seeds stored up to 32% fatty oils in the leaves of more than 10% of tannins.

    Blueberries are used in both traditional as well as in official medicine. Fresh berries are a good antiscorbutic, increased gastric secretion and digestive power of gastric juice. Recommended for gastritis, enterocolitis, pielitis. In folk medicine, a decoction of twigs with leaves drink in diseases of the heart; berries are used for dysentery, a decoction of the leaves - as a mild laxative.

    But perhaps one of the most important properties of blueberry fruit is their ability to take an allergy caused by the use of various drugs. While the berries themselves tall blueberry almost never cause allergic reactions and even beneficial effect on allergic conditions. This is a very valuable asset, because they can be included in the diet for children suffering from other diseases diathesis and allergic nature. This feature is unique blueberry fruit (all other known fruit or neutral with respect to allergic reactions, or sometimes even lead to allergies).



© 2010
  Создание сайтов Полюс Альфа